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[BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS] POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS': POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS' REPORT OF 1834.
Copy of the Report Made in 1834 by the Commissioners for Inquiring into the Administration and Practical Operation of the Poor Laws, Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of His Majesty, 378pp large octavo, a fine copy in original printed blue paper wrappers as issued, [Command 2728], London, His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1834 [reprinted 1905]. Although this key Report was first published in 1834, it was reprinted here in 1905 when the details of the working of the old Poor Laws were required by the new generation of legislators who were starting to respond to 20thC political demand for a radical change in the way the poor were actually treated in Britain. This text provides the history and legislative background that Beveridge, the Webbs, Lloyd George and others were to react against so strongly against, inspiring them to found the British Welfare State. In particular, it lead to the Royal Commission on the Poor Laws and Relief of Distress of 1909 (see item below) and the famous Minority Report which had as its aim the final destruction of the old poor law described in the present volume.The 1832 Royal Commission into the Operation of the Poor Laws found that the old system was badly and expensively run. The Commission's recommendations were based on two principles. The first was less eligibility - conditions within workhouses should be made worse than the worst conditions outside of the workhouse so that workhouses served as a deterrent - only the most needy would consider entering them. The other was the "workhouse test", that relief should only be available in the workhouse. A problem with this system was the urban rate payers were faced with a dramatic increase in their poor rate because the principle of less eligibility made the rural poor migrate where there was work.There was strong support for the 1832 Royal Commission into the Operation of the Poor Laws from all-sides of Parliament and its ideas were quickly passed into law as The Poor Law Amendment Act (1834), (also known as the New Poor Law). The Whigs controlled the House of Commons and supported the utilitarian arguments of thinkers such as Jeremy Bentham. The Report recommended methods to lower the cost of poor relief (which was a major concern of Members of Parliament) and was based on notions of discipline and frugality. In addition, the Government's aim was to reduce public expenditure and make the poor more responsible for their own well-being: this involved the ending of "outdoor relief" (i.e. help for those outside the workhouse and still in the community) and the setting-up of workhouses which collected all the poor from one area and housed them in highly-controlled punitive institutions. The aim was to dissuade all but the very hopeless from seeking assistance, since poverty was seen as the fault of the individual that should not only be discouraged but even punished. Poor Relief was therefore set at a level below the level of earnings of a labourer "of the lowest class". The Poor Law Amendment act was passed in a context of deciding who among the poor was deserving and who was not. This important link between poverty and morality characterised the 19th century. It was felt by some that to help all poor people would encourage and indeed reward immorality. The workhouse was seen a chance for the deserving poor to show their willingness to work hard in exchange for help at a difficult time in their lives. In so doing, they could regain their self-esteem and their position in society. However, the draconian conditions in the workhouse would dissuade the shirkers from seeking help. (Book ref. 20781)   £90.00
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HOLDSWORTH (William): GOODHART (A.L.); HANBURY (H.G.); CHRIMES (S.B.): A History of English Law.
16 volumes (no final composite index volume but each volume with its own index) otherwise a complete set, reprint, neat library bookplate, no spine shelf numbers, a fine bright set in original cloth virtually unused, London, Sweet & Maxwell, 1966-71. PHOTOGRAPHS SENT ON REQUEST. The celebrated standard work by Sir William Holdsworth, edited by A. L. Goodhart and H. G. Hanbury. With an Introductory Essay and Additions by S. B. Chrimes. Gradually extended, rewritten and revised from its first appearance in 1903, this is the best and final edition incorporating the latest revisions and additions. Often cited as the only complete history of the English law in detail, it incorporates a great deal of essential bibliographical information. (Book ref. 20479)   £625.00
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PARLIAMENT: BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS: LAW: IRISH UNIVERSITY PRESS: LAW, LEGAL ADMINISTRATION
comprising: General Law (16 vols); Criminal Law (6 vols) together 22 volumes large folio. FURTHER DETAILS OF CONTENTS & PHOTOGRAPHS AVAILABLE ON REQUEST. Comprising: Report of the Royal Commission on Practice and Proceedings of the Courts of Common Law, 1829-34; Reports.. on the Circuits of the Judges and Reports.. on Admiralty Courts, Chancery Offices, Supreme Court of Judicature (Scotland), the Administration of Justice and Courts of Law and Equity, together with Reports on Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas.., 1833-45; Reports.. on Fees in Courts of Law and Equity, 1847-50; Reports.. on Process Practice and System of Pleading in the Court of Chancery; Reports.. on Pleading in the Courts of Common Law and Reports of the Royal Commission on County Courts, Common Law (Judicial Business) and Evidence in Chancery, 1851-60; Reports.. on the Superior Courts of Common Law and Chancery of England and Ireland with Minority Report of J. Napier and Report of the Commission on Chancery Funds, 1863-7; Reports of the Royal Commission on the Courts of Law in Scotland, 1868-71; Reports.. on the Judicature, 1868-74; Reports.. on Administrative Departments of the Courts of Justice, 1872-4, 1875; Report.. on County Courts Jurisdiction (no. 2) Bill and other Reports on the Administration of Justice, 1878-87; Report.. on the Criminal Law relating to Capital Punishment , 1819; Reports.. on the Criminal Law, 1824, 1834-45; Reports from the Royal Commission on Revising and Consolidating the Criminal Law, 1845-9; Reports.. on Criminal Law 1847-79. Included is the 1829-1834 Royal Commission Inquiry into Practice and Proceedings of the Courts of Common Law and all the further major policy reforming Reports to the end of the 19thC. * The British Parliamentary Papers of the nineteenth century contain vital source material to students of history, commerce, economics, sociology and law. There are approximately 5,000 British Parliamentary Papers for the period 1800 to 1900 - a mountain of source material that, however, because of its traditional chronological arrangement, has been difficult to access. The Irish University Press programme of facsimile reprints of the papers overcame this basic problem by commissioning academic specialists to select the most important papers and group them on the principle of 32 subject sets in the folio size of the originals. This series was published c.1960-1972. All the volumes are strongly bound in half green morocco leather. They are designed to outlast generations of heavy use and wear. It has the great advantage over the original printings in that it is printed on a strong laid paper. Reproductions of original maps and other illustrations are included throughout the series. Each volume now offered has a library book label on the free front endpaper and a neat shelf mark on the spine - otherwise entirely unmarked and in excellent condition. (Book ref. 20075)   £520.00
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PARLIAMENT: BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS: LAW: IRISH UNIVERSITY PRESS: LAW, LEGAL ADMINISTRATION
comprising: General Law (16 vols); Criminal Law (6 vols) together 22 volumes large folio. FURTHER DETAILS OF CONTENTS & PHOTOGRAPHS AVAILABLE ON REQUEST. Comprising: Report of the Royal Commission on Practice and Proceedings of the Courts of Common Law, 1829-34; Reports.. on the Circuits of the Judges and Reports.. on Admiralty Courts, Chancery Offices, Supreme Court of Judicature (Scotland), the Administration of Justice and Courts of Law and Equity, together with Reports on Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas.., 1833-45; Reports.. on Fees in Courts of Law and Equity, 1847-50; Reports.. on Process Practice and System of Pleading in the Court of Chancery; Reports.. on Pleading in the Courts of Common Law and Reports of the Royal Commission on County Courts, Common Law (Judicial Business) and Evidence in Chancery, 1851-60; Reports.. on the Superior Courts of Common Law and Chancery of England and Ireland with Minority Report of J. Napier and Report of the Commission on Chancery Funds, 1863-7; Reports of the Royal Commission on the Courts of Law in Scotland, 1868-71; Reports.. on the Judicature, 1868-74; Reports.. on Administrative Departments of the Courts of Justice, 1872-4, 1875; Report.. on County Courts Jurisdiction (no. 2) Bill and other Reports on the Administration of Justice, 1878-87; Report.. on the Criminal Law relating to Capital Punishment , 1819; Reports.. on the Criminal Law, 1824, 1834-45; Reports from the Royal Commission on Revising and Consolidating the Criminal Law, 1845-9; Reports.. on Criminal Law 1847-79. Included is the 1829-1834 Royal Commission Inquiry into Practice and Proceedings of the Courts of Common Law and all the further major policy reforming Reports to the end of the 19thC. * There are approximately 5,000 British Parliamentary Papers for the period 1800 to 1900 - a mountain of source material that, however, because of its traditional chronological arrangement, has been difficult to access. The Irish University Press programme of facsimile reprints of these papers overcame this by commissioning academic specialists to select the most important papers and group them on the principle of 32 subject sets in the folio size of the originals. This series was published c.1960-1972. All the volumes are strongly bound in the publisher's original half green morocco leather with the exception of 3 volumes which are bound in the publisher's matching green buckram. They are designed to outlast generations of heavy use and wear and have the great advantage over the original printings because on a strong laid acid free paper. Reproductions of original maps and other illustrations are included throughout the series. Each volume now offered has neat library stamp on front endpaper and verso title, otherwise entirely unmarked and in excellent condition. (Book ref. 20076)   £520.00
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BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS: IRISH UNIVERSITY PRESS: POOR LAW
30 volumes large folio. * PHOTOGRAPHS & FURTHER DETAILS OF CONTENTS AVAILABLE ON REQUEST. The importance of the Poor Law Parliamentary Papers can be fully appreciated once it is realized that (1) the 'welfare state' developed as a gradual extension of the system of poor relief, (2) the establishment of poor law unions had an important bearing on the subsequent development of local government. After the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 there was little fundamental change on the statute books in relation to the relief of poverty during the nineteenth century. Eighteen volumes of the Irish University Press Poor Law set of parliamentary papers are devoted to the 1834 reform and its aftermath. The report of the Royal Commission which recommended the reforms takes up eleven volumes and the remaining seven comprise the extensive select committee reports on the operation of the new law. The laws of settlement and removal are the subject of a further seven volumes of the series. * There are approximately 5,000 British Parliamentary Papers for the period 1800 to 1900 - a mountain of source material that, however, because of its traditional chronological arrangement, has been difficult to access. The Irish University Press programme of facsimile reprints of these papers overcame this by commissioning academic specialists to select the most important papers and group them on the principle of 32 subject sets in the folio size of the originals. This series was published c.1960-1972. All the volumes are strongly bound in the publisher's original half green morocco leather with the exception of 2 volumes which are bound in the publisher's matching green buckram. They are designed to outlast generations of heavy use and wear and have the great advantage over the original printings because on a strong laid acid free paper. Reproductions of original maps and other illustrations are included throughout the series. Each volume now offered has neat library stamp on front endpaper and verso title, otherwise entirely unmarked and in excellent condition. (Book ref. 20088)   £1800.00
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BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS: IRISH UNIVERSITY PRESS: MARRIAGE & DIVORCE
3 volumes large folio. The Select Committee reports on married women's property included in this set provide an insight into the social conditions of the working-class woman in the east end of London, Liverpool, Nottingham, Belfast and Dublin. The papers also stress the influence of American legislation dealing with married women's property. The report on the Matrimonial Causes Court is particularly interesting as it gives a concise history of marriage legislation in England from before the Reformation to 1853. * PHOTOGRAPHS & FURTHER DETAILS OF CONTENTS AVAILABLE ON REQUEST. There are approximately 5,000 British Parliamentary Papers for the period 1800 to 1900 - a mountain of source material that, however, because of its traditional chronological arrangement, has been difficult to access. The Irish University Press programme of facsimile reprints of these papers overcame this by commissioning academic specialists to select the most important papers and group them on the principle of 32 subject sets in the folio size of the originals. This series was published c.1960-1972. All the volumes are strongly bound in the publisher's matching green buckram. They are designed to outlast generations of heavy use and wear and have the great advantage over the original printings because on a strong laid acid free paper. Reproductions of original maps and other illustrations are included throughout the series. Each volume now offered has neat library stamp on front endpaper and verso title, otherwise entirely unmarked and in excellent condition. (Book ref. 20077)   £140.00
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BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS: IRISH UNIVERSITY PRESS: CRIME & PUNISHMENT,
comprising: Civil Disorder (8 vols); Juvenile Offenders (6 vols); Penal Servitude (2 vols); Police (10 vols); Prisons (21 vols); Transportation (16 vols). Includes reports and papers on the 'Rebecca riots' in South Wales (1839-1843), the Hyde Park disturbances (1856), the Trafalgar Square riots (1866), and Primrose Hill meeting on the tercentenary of Shakespeare, the Featherstone disturbances (1893), the Belfast riots (1857, 1865, 1886) and the Londonderry riots (1870, 1884). The papers on the Northern Ireland riots are of particular value and interest as they provide extensive background information on the origins of the sectarian animosities still alive in this society. This set includes, in addition, three volumes of reports and evidence from Select Committees set up in 1835 to investigate the origins, nature and extent of Orange institutions in Great Britain, Ireland and the colonies. Together 63 volumes large folio. * PHOTOGRAPHS & FURTHER DETAILS OF CONTENTS AVAILABLE ON REQUEST. There are approximately 5,000 British Parliamentary Papers for the period 1800 to 1900 - a mountain of source material that, however, because of its traditional chronological arrangement, has been difficult to access. The Irish University Press programme of facsimile reprints of these papers overcame this by commissioning academic specialists to select the most important papers and group them on the principle of 32 subject sets in the folio size of the originals. This series was published c.1960-1972. All the volumes are strongly bound in the publisher's original half green morocco leather with the exception of 13 volumes which are bound in the publisher's matching green buckram . They are designed to outlast generations of heavy use and wear and have the great advantage over the original printings because on a strong laid acid free paper. Reproductions of original maps and other illustrations are included throughout the series. Each volume now offered has neat library stamp on front endpaper and verso title, otherwise entirely unmarked and in excellent condition. (Book ref. 20049)   £2450.00
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[BEAMES (John)]: Observations upon the power exercised by the Court of Chancery, of depriving a Father of the custody of his children.
First Edition, 48pp pamphlet octavo, disbound, very good copy, London, Miller, 1828 (Book ref. 19984)   £150.00
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POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS;: Seventh Annual Report of the Poor Law Commisioners for England and Wales,
543pp., octavo, original cloth, lacking spine but a very good copy in original cloth, ex library copy, London, Clowes, for HMSO, 1841. (Book ref. 19965)   £40.00
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POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS;: Seventh Annual Report of the Poor Law Commisioners for England and Wales,
543pp., octavo, original cloth, very good copy in original cloth, front endpaper torn out, inner hinge broken, London, Clowes, for HMSO, 1841. (Book ref. 19962)   £50.00
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POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS;: Second Annual Report of the Poor Law Commisioners for England and Wales,
640pp., octavo, original cloth, very good copy in original cloth, spine slightly torn at top of hinges, London, Clowes, for HMSO, 1836. (Book ref. 19959)   £50.00
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POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS;: Second Annual Report of the Poor Law Commisioners for England and Wales,
640pp., octavo, original cloth, very good copy in original cloth, case loose, London, Clowes, for HMSO, 1836. (Book ref. 19960)   £50.00
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POOR LAW BOARD: POOR LAW BOARD, 9th Annual Report of the Poor Law Board,
131pp octavo, disbound, last leaf chipped in margin,Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, London, Eyre &c., 1857. * The Poor Law Commission was the body established to administer poor relief after the passing of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. The Commission lasted from 1834 to 1847. Between 1847 and 1871 it became the Poor Law Board: for this, the Chief Executive Officer was a civil servant who was the Permanent Secretary to the Poor Law Board. (Book ref. 19975)   £15.00
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POOR LAW BOARD: POOR LAW BOARD, 7th Annual Report of the Poor Law Board,
153pp octavo, good copy in original blue paper wrappers, Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, London, Eyre &c., 1855 * The Poor Law Commission was the body established to administer poor relief after the passing of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. The Commission lasted from 1834 to 1847. Between 1847 and 1871 it became the Poor Law Board: for this, the Chief Executive Officer was a civil servant who was the Permanent Secretary to the Poor Law Board. (Book ref. 19968)   £25.00
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POOR LAW BOARD: POOR LAW BOARD, 6th Annual Report of the Poor Law Board,
193pp octavo, good copy in original blue paper wrappers, Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, London, Eyre &c., 1854 * The Poor Law Commission was the body established to administer poor relief after the passing of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. The Commission lasted from 1834 to 1847. Between 1847 and 1871 it became the Poor Law Board: for this, the Chief Executive Officer was a civil servant who was the Permanent Secretary to the Poor Law Board. (Book ref. 19969)   £25.00
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POOR LAW BOARD: POOR LAW BOARD, 5th Annual Report of the Poor Law Board,
153pp octavo, good copy in original blue paper wrappers, Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, London, Eyre &c., 1853. * The Poor Law Commission was the body established to administer poor relief after the passing of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. The Commission lasted from 1834 to 1847. Between 1847 and 1871 it became the Poor Law Board: for this, the Chief Executive Officer was a civil servant who was the Permanent Secretary to the Poor Law Board. (Book ref. 19970)   £25.00
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POOR LAW BOARD: POOR LAW BOARD, 5th Annual Report of the Poor Law Board,
153pp octavo, disbound, Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, London, Eyre &c., 1853. * The Poor Law Commission was the body established to administer poor relief after the passing of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. The Commission lasted from 1834 to 1847. Between 1847 and 1871 it became the Poor Law Board: for this, the Chief Executive Officer was a civil servant who was the Permanent Secretary to the Poor Law Board. (Book ref. 19973)   £15.00
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POOR LAW BOARD: POOR LAW BOARD, 10th Annual Report of the Poor Law Board,
248pp octavo, old boards (bound with ditto; 11th Report Ireland, 12th Report Scotland), old library stamps, some wear, Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, London, Eyre &c., 1858. * The Poor Law Commission was the body established to administer poor relief after the passing of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. The Commission lasted from 1834 to 1847. Between 1847 and 1871 it became the Poor Law Board: for this, the Chief Executive Officer was a civil servant who was the Permanent Secretary to the Poor Law Board. (Book ref. 19977)   £15.00
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RICARDO (David, with others); GREAT BRITAIN: HOUSE OF COMMONS: Report from the Select Committee on the Usury Laws. Ordered by the House of Commons to be re-printed 16 April 1821
second House of Commons edition, 59pp folio, Report with Minutes of Evidence, modern blue card wrappers with paper label on front wrapper, an excellent clean copy, London, House of Commons, Ordered to be re-printed 16 April 1821 (Cmd 410.) The original House of Commons edition was published on 28 May 1818 and this reprint is textually identical though entirely re-set. Such reprintings were occasionally made for texts that were seen as particularly important. The Committee found "that the Laws regulating for restraining the rate of Interest have been extensively evaded, and have failed..." In his evidence Ricardo confirmed that "as far as my experience goes in business nothing is more easy than to evade them," and gives his view that they should be repealed and what effects this would have. Other witnesses included John Thornton and Nehemiah Rothschild. (Book ref. 19874)   £150.00
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RICARDO (David, with others); GREAT BRITAIN: HOUSE OF COMMONS: Report from the Select Committee on the Usury Laws. Ordered by the House of Commons to be Printed 28 May 1818,
First Edition, 59pp folio, Report with Minutes of Evidence, modern blue card wrappers with paper label on front wrapper, an excellent clean copy, London, House of Commons, Ordered to be printed 28 May 1818 (Cmd 376.) The rare true first edition. The Committee found "that the Laws regulating for restraining the rate of Interest have been extensively evaded, and have failed..." In his evidence Ricardo confirmed that "as far as my experience goes in business nothing is more easy than to evade them," and gives his view that they should be repealed and what effects this would have. Other witnesses included John Thornton and Nehemiah Rothschild. (Book ref. 19873)   £550.00
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